Equality and Discrimination
What is discrimination? 1
Discrimination (Lat. Discrimination, difference) means - inequality, unfair treatment or preference to people based on race, ethnic origin, colour, sex, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity and other grounds. Discrimination can be "de jure" (i.e., legal), which is provided by the current legislation and "de facto", when the dominant group is having advantages over the minorities.
What is the difference between direct and indirect discrimination? 2
Discrimination can be direct or indirect. Direct discrimination is the kind of treatment or creating the conditions when one person is treated less favourably than another person in a comparable situation on any grounds. Indirect discrimination is a situation where a provision, criterion or practice, neutral in form but discriminatory in substance, puts persons at a disadvantage compared with another persons in a comparable situation.
What is Gender? 3
Sex has two categories: biological (sex) and social (gender). “Sex” is related to the physical, anatomical difference between men and women, while the notion of "gender" refers to the psychological, social and cultural roles. Sex is biologically determined, gender is determined by social and cultural factors and defines combination of the socially learned behaviors, characteristics and attitudes of men and women.
What is gender equality? 4
Gender equality is one of the essential characteristics of the society based on social justice principle and is the part of human rights. Gender equality means that women and men have equal conditions and life chances for the full realization of their potential, are equally involved in the political, economic, social, cultural development and equally enjoy the benefits, opportunities and resources. Gender equality does not mean women and men are identical, on the contrary – it is recognized in the society that people have different values and goals, different needs and lifestyle, however, their interests should equally be taken into account at all levels, they should enjoy equal rights and opportunities and have equal responsibilities and obligations in all areas of social life. Emphasizing differences between men and women takes place differently in different cultures, however, in the states where the level of economy is high and the state governance is based on democratic, liberal approach, the above difference is not in fact noticeable. The approach of the modern society is based on the reduction of difference between sexes and on elimination of one sex’s dominance over another. It is scientifically proven that both sexes are equally able to combine wide spectrum of each other's activities, skills and behaviors.
What is gender discrimination? 5
Gender discrimination means any kind of different treatment, exclusion and / or limitation based on sex, , which is reflected in the recognition of different rights and fundamental freedoms, equal opportunities in programs, or by lowering or fully rejecting them.
What does gender discrimination at the work place mean? 6
Gender discrimination at the workplace means the kind of treatment or creation of the conditions when one person is treated less favourably than another person in a comparable situation on any grounds or when persons in inherently unequal conditions are treated equally in the enjoyment of the rights provided for by the legislation of Georgia. Workplace discrimination occurs during hiring process, working process, and dismissal.